Understanding the Modules of VARC Section in CAT Exam

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VARC section for CAT exam preparation

The Common Admission Test (CAT) is one of the most prestigious entrance exams in India for admission to top management institutes. It consists of three major sections: Quantitative Ability (QA), Data Interpretation & Logical Reasoning (DILR), and Verbal Ability & Reading Comprehension (VARC). In this article, we will delve into the various modules that makes your VARC Preparation for CAT easier and efficient.

Module 1: Reading Comprehension (RC)

Reading Comprehension is the cornerstone of the VARC section in CAT. CAT typically includes three to four RC passages. These passages cover diverse topics, including science, literature, economics, and current affairs. To excel in this module, focus on improving your reading speed, comprehension skills, and the ability to infer information from the text.

Module 2: Vocabulary

A strong vocabulary is crucial for the VARC section. CAT often tests your vocabulary through questions on synonyms, antonyms, and fill-in-the-blanks. To enhance your vocabulary, make a habit of reading newspapers, novels, and magazines. Utilize flashcards and vocabulary-building apps to reinforce your word power.

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Module 3: Grammar

Grammar forms another essential module in VARC. Questions related to sentence correction, sentence completion, and para-jumbles assess your understanding of English grammar rules. Brush up on your grammar skills by practicing exercises and solving mock tests.

Module 4: Critical Reasoning

This module evaluates your ability to think critically and logically. CAT may present questions on critical reasoning through arguments, assumptions, and inferences. Develop your critical thinking skills by engaging in debates, puzzles, and brain teasers.

Module 5: Paragraph Summary

Paragraph Summary questions require you to identify the main idea of a given passage or paragraph. This module tests your ability to condense information while retaining its essence. Practice summarizing paragraphs from various sources to hone this skill.

Module 6: Sentence Completion

Sentence completion questions involve filling in the missing words to complete a sentence. They assess your understanding of sentence structure and coherence. Regular practice with sentence completion exercises will improve your performance in this module.

Module 7: Passage Completion

Passage completion questions present incomplete paragraphs, and you need to choose the most appropriate sentence to complete them. Focus on understanding the context and flow of the passage to excel in this module.

Module 8: Inference-based Questions

Inference-based questions require you to draw conclusions based on the information provided in a passage. They test your ability to make logical deductions. Practice with a variety of passages to enhance your inference skills.

Module 9: Analogies

Analogies assess your ability to establish relationships between words or phrases. Regularly solve analogy-based questions to sharpen your analytical skills.

Module 10: Idioms and Phrases

Idioms and phrases are an integral part of the VARC section. Familiarize yourself with common idiomatic expressions and phrases used in the English language to tackle questions in this module.

Module 11: Foreign Phrases

CAT occasionally includes questions featuring foreign phrases. These phrases may be from Latin, French, or other languages. A basic understanding of foreign phrases can prove beneficial.

Module 12: Historical References

Questions related to historical references often appear in the VARC section. Stay informed about significant historical events and figures to answer such questions accurately.

Module 13: Literature and Authors

CAT may also include questions about literary works and their authors. Reading classics and notable literary pieces can assist you in answering these questions.

Module 14: Current Affairs

Keep yourself updated with current events, both national and international, as CAT may include questions related to recent developments.

Module 15: Mock Tests and Practice

Lastly, consistent practice is the key to success in the VARC section. Take mock tests regularly to gauge your progress and identify areas that need improvement.


The VARC section in the CAT exam encompasses a wide range of modules, each requiring specific skills. To excel in this section, it is crucial to dedicate time to improve your reading, vocabulary, grammar, and critical thinking skills. Regular practice and mock tests will enhance your performance and boost your chances of success.


  1. Is VARC the most crucial section in the CAT exam?
    • While all sections are essential, VARC is particularly crucial as it tests your language and comprehension skills, which are vital for management studies.
  2. How can I improve my reading speed for RC passages?
    • Reading regularly and timing yourself can help improve your reading speed over time.
  3. Are there any recommended books for CAT VARC preparation?
    • Some popular books for CAT VARC preparation include “Word Power Made Easy” by Norman Lewis and “High School English Grammar & Composition” by Wren & Martin.
  4. What should I do if I come across an unfamiliar word during the exam?
    • Try to infer the meaning based on the context of the sentence. If that’s not possible, move on and return to it later if time allows.
  5. How many hours of study should I dedicate to VARC preparation daily?
    • It’s recommended to allocate at least 2-3 hours daily for VARC preparation, but the actual time may vary based on your current proficiency level.

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